” We,ll lounge beneath the pomegranates, palm tress, apple trees, under every lovely, leafy thing, and walk among the vines, enjoy the splendid faces we will see, in a lofty palace build of noble stones.”
– Salomon Ibn Gabirol-
There was a time, over a thousand years ago, when Europe experienced one of its greatest periods of cultural enlightenment – A century long period when Muslims, Christians and Jews inhabited the same land in Western Europe and thrived….
Aristotle´s lost philosophy, Algebra, Mathematics …. All of those arrived in Europe through Islamic Spain… ..the lemon tree, the water wheel, The beginning of modern medicine, science and poetry , as well.
It was here where the roots of the European Renaissance came to life.
You might be surprised to realize that Islam, at least in its beginning and initial rapid expansion through Northern Africa to Spain, was a model of intelectual inquiry and cultural assimilation ; not so much conquering people as convincing them that it had something truly spectacular to offer.
8-10 Century Muslims expanded our knowledge of Mathematics, Astronomy and Philosophy.
While in Europe others were rejecting any influences, stuck in archaic thought, repeating traditional knowledge with little change, Muslim scholars adopted and gathered knowledge from the Greeks and the Romans , establishing universities they called :¨Madrasas”.
For more than three centuries in Medieval Spain, Muslims, Jews and Christians coexisted multicultural civilization. Here, remarkable individuals of different faiths made lasting contributions in such areas as poetry, art, architecture, music, dining etiquette, science, agriculture, medicine, engineering, navigation, textiles, and even hydraulic technology.
Their rich, complex culture reached a high point in the Mediterranean Middle Ages. However, larger forces in conquest of land and power brought about puritanical judgments, absolutism and religious extremism. The conflict they triggered extinguished the shared learning that once flourished in this enlightened land.
This tour lead us to discover the marks left by jews, cristians and muslims in Granada.
In this visit, we will go back in time to these years , through the places these people inhabited, through history, literature, music and painting to get an idea as clear as possible of the multicultural Spanish society of the Middle Ages and the contributions of the three main groups: jews, christians and muslims